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Please install a more recent supported version of Evergreen using the instructions referenced on this page:

Installing Evergreen on Ubuntu or Debian

NOTE: These instructions are also available in the Evergreen documentation at In github:

The following steps have been tested on the x86 (32-bit) and x86-64 (64-bit) architectures. There may be differences between the Desktop and Server editions of Ubuntu. These instructions assume the Server edition.

In the following instructions, you are asked to perform certain steps as either the root user, the opensrf user, or the postgres user. To become the root user, issue the sudo su - command. To switch from the root user to a different user, issue the su - <username> command; for example, su - opensrf. Once you have become a non-root user, to become the root user again simply issue the exit command.

  1. Install the latest version of OpenSRF 1.6.x. Follow the steps and run the test to ensure that OpenSRF is properly installed before continuing with any further Evergreen installation steps. Evergreen is an application that has been built on top of the Open Service Request Framework (OpenSRF), so if OpenSRF doesn't work, Evergreen isn't going to work.
  2. Download and build Evergreen:
    1. As the opensrf user, download and extract the latest version of Evergreen (
      tar xzf Evergreen-ILS-
    2. As the root user, install the prerequisites. Replace <distribution> below with one of these values for your actual distribution:
      • debian-etch for Debian Etch (4.0)
      • debian-lenny for Debian Lenny (5.0)
      • ubuntu-hardy for Ubuntu Hardy (8.04)
      • ubuntu-karmic for Ubuntu Karmic (9.10) and Ubuntu Lucid (10.04)
        cd /home/opensrf/Evergreen-ILS-
        make -f Open-ILS/src/extras/Makefile.install <distribution>
    3. Note: As the PostgreSQL server is usually a standalone server in multi-server production systems, the prerequisite installer Makefile does not install the PostgreSQL server by default. You must install the PostgreSQL server yourself prior to running the prerequisite installer Makefile ('Makefile.install'); either on the same system as Evergreen itself, or on another system on the network. On Debian or Ubuntu you can install the required PostgreSQL server packages using 'Makefile.install' as the root user:
      # Debian Lenny and Ubuntu Hardy (8.04)
      make -f Open-ILS/src/extras/Makefile.install install_pgsql_server_debs_83
      # Ubuntu Karmic (9.10) and Ubuntu Lucid (10.04)
      make -f Open-ILS/src/extras/Makefile.install install_pgsql_server_debs_84

      You also need to install several Perl modules on your PostgreSQL server to support some functions. If PostgreSQL is running on the same server as the rest of Evergreen, these prerequisites will automatically be available to PostgreSQL. For a standalone PostgreSQL server, you must ensure that the following Perl modules are installed as the root user:

      aptitude install gcc libmarc-charset-perl # (libmarc-charset-perl is required for MARC::File::XML to install correctly)
      cpan JSON::XS
      cpan MARC::Record
      cpan MARC::File::XML
      • Note: PostgreSQL 8.1 is deprecated and will become unsupported in a future release, though existing installations upgrading from Evergreen 1.4 or before will work fine. However, consider upgrading your Postgres soon!
    4. As the root user, add /usr/local/lib and /usr/local/lib/dbd to the system dynamic library path and make Ubuntu recognize the newly installed libraries. Then restart PostgreSQL to avoid a problem where cannot be found:
      1. Create a file named /etc/ containing the following lines:
      2. Run the following commands:
        /etc/init.d/postgresql-<pgsql_version> restart
    5. As the opensrf user, configure and compile Evergreen:
      cd /home/opensrf/Evergreen-ILS-
      ./configure --prefix=/openils --sysconfdir=/openils/conf
    6. As the root user, install the code. Set the STAFF_CLIENT_BUILD_ID variable to match the version of the staff client you will use to connect to the Evergreen server. Create a symbolic link named server in /openils/var/web/xul/ to the /server/ subdirectory of your staff client build.
      cd /home/opensrf/Evergreen-ILS-
      make STAFF_CLIENT_BUILD_ID=rel_1_6_1_9 install
      cd /openils/var/web/xul
      ln -sf rel_1_6_1_9/server server
    7. As the root user, copy the example OpenSRF configuration files into place. This will replace the OpenSRF configuration files that you set up while installing and testing OpenSRF; you might want to backup the old files for troubleshooting purposes. Finally, change the ownership on the installed files to the opensrf user:
      cp /openils/conf/opensrf.xml.example /openils/conf/opensrf.xml
      cp /openils/conf/opensrf_core.xml.example /openils/conf/opensrf_core.xml
      cp /openils/conf/oils_web.xml.example /openils/conf/oils_web.xml
      chown -R opensrf:opensrf /openils/
  3. As the postgres user on your PostgreSQL server, create the Evergreen database.
    1. Issue the following commands on your PostgreSQL server, adjusting the path for the contrib repository to match your PostgreSQL server layout. For example, if you built PostgreSQL from source following the cheat sheet, the contrib directory will be located at /usr/local/share/contrib; if you installed the PostgreSQL 8.3 server packages on Ubuntu 8.04, the contrib directory will be at /usr/share/postgresql/<pgsql_version>/contrib/.
      createdb -E UNICODE evergreen
      NOTE: on ubuntu 10.4 you might need: "createdb -T template0 -E UNICODE evergreen" to avoid new UTF-8 encoding error.
      createlang plperl   evergreen
      createlang plperlu  evergreen
      createlang plpgsql  evergreen
      psql -f /usr/share/postgresql/<pgsql_version>/contrib/tablefunc.sql evergreen
      psql -f /usr/share/postgresql/<pgsql_version>/contrib/tsearch2.sql  evergreen
      psql -f /usr/share/postgresql/<pgsql_version>/contrib/pgxml.sql     evergreen
    2. As the postgres user on the PostgreSQL server, create a PostgreSQL user named evergreen for the database cluster:
      createuser -P -s evergreen
    3. Enter the password for the new PostgreSQL superuser ("evergreen")
  4. As the root user, create the database schema and configure your system with the corresponding database authentication details for the database user that you just created; on most systems, <hostname> will be localhost and <port> will be 5432:
    cd /home/opensrf/Evergreen-ILS-
    perl Open-ILS/src/support-scripts/ --update-config \
           --service all --create-schema --create-bootstrap --create-offline \
           --user <user> --password <password> --hostname <hostname> --port <port> \
           --database <dbname>

    NOTE: If you are entering this command on a single line, do not include the \ characters. These should only be used at the end of a line at a bash prompt to indicate that the command is continued on the next line. The first time you issue this command, you will see error messages such as 'psql:extend-reporter.sql:17: ERROR: schema "extend_reporter" does not exist'; do not be alarmed. These specific 'schema XXX does not exist' error messages are expected because the schema-creation script begins by trying to remove any schemas that may have been created in a previous attempt to create the database schema. If you see other error messages, however, you should pay attention to them.

  5. As the root user, set up Apache:
    a2enmod ssl        # enable mod_ssl
    a2enmod rewrite    # enable mod_rewrite
    a2enmod expires    # enable mod_expires
    cd /home/opensrf/Evergreen-ILS-
    cp Open-ILS/examples/apache/eg.conf       /etc/apache2/sites-available/
    cp Open-ILS/examples/apache/eg_vhost.conf /etc/apache2/
    cp Open-ILS/examples/apache/    /etc/apache2/
    # Now setting up SSL
    mkdir /etc/apache2/ssl
    cd /etc/apache2/ssl
    # Step 7
    openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -nodes -out server.crt -keyout server.key
    # Step 8
    vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/eg.conf
  6. The openssl command cuts a new SSL key for your Apache server. For a production server, you should purchase a signed SSL certificate, but we can just use a self-signed certificate and accept the warnings in the staff client and browser during testing and development:
  7. The last code line opens /etc/apache2/sites-available/eg.conf for editing:
    1. Comment out Allow from and uncomment Allow from all (to enable access to the configuration CGI scripts from any workstation on any network - note that you must secure this for a production instance, preferably by locking down the allowed IP addresses and adding authentication, because you don't want just anyone adding and deleting libraries from your Evergreen instance!)
    2. Comment the line Listen 443 as it conflicts with the same declaration in /etc/apache2/ports.conf. Debian Etch users - do not do this!
  8. This step is still necessary to keep the logs functioning, but may break other Apache applications on your server. We hope to make this unnecessary soon. Change the user for the Apache server:
    1. Apache on most versions of Debian/Ubuntu: As the root user, edit /etc/apache2/envvars:
      1. Change export APACHE_RUN_USER=www-data to export APACHE_RUN_USER=opensrf
    2. If you do not find the file /etc/apache2/envars: As the root user, edit /etc/apache2/apache2.conf:
      1. Change User www-data to User opensrf
  9. As the root user, edit /etc/apache2/apache2.conf:
    1. Change KeepAliveTimeout to 1
  10. OPTIONAL: As the root user, edit /etc/apache2/apache2.conf:
    1. Change MaxKeepAliveRequests to 100
    2. Update the prefork configuration section to suit your environment. The following settings apply to a busy system:
      <IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
         StartServers           20
         MinSpareServers         5
         MaxSpareServers        15
         MaxClients            150
         MaxRequestsPerChild 10000
  11. As the root user, enable the Evergreen site:
    a2dissite default  # OPTIONAL: disable the default site (i.e., the "It Works" page).
    a2ensite eg.conf
  12. As the opensrf user, edit /openils/conf/opensrf_core.xml:
    1. Edit /openils/conf/opensrf_core.xml to change the Jabber usernames and passwords as follows. I'm using XPath syntax on the left-hand side to indicate the position in the XML file:
      • /config/opensrf/username = opensrf
      • /config/opensrf/passwd = password for private.localhost opensrf user
      • /config/gateway/username = opensrf
      • /config/gateway/passwd = password for public.localhost opensrf user
      • /config/routers/router/transport - first entry, where transport/server == public.localhost :
        • username = router
        • password = password for public.localhost router user
      • /config/routers/router/transport - second entry, where transport/server == private.localhost :
        • username = router
        • password = password for private.localhost router user
    2. We also need to specify the domains from which we'll accept and to which we'll make connections. If you are installing Evergreen on a single server and using the "private.localhost" / "public.localhost" domains, these will already be set to the correct values. Otherwise, search and replace to match your customized values.
  13. Copy /openils/conf/srfsh.xml.example to .srfsh.xml in the home directory of each user you want to use to run the srfsh command line client for testing OpenSRF, and edit .srfsh.xml as follows:
    • domain is the router hostname (following our domain examples, private.localhost will give your srfsh access to all OpenSRF services, while public.localhost will only give you access to those OpenSRF services that are publicly exposed)
    • username and password must match your opensrf ejabber user for the chosen domain
    • logfile is the full path for a log file to which that user has write access
      <?xml version="1.0"?>
      <!-- This file follows the standard bootstrap config file layout found in opensrf_core.xml -->
  14. As the opensrf user, make the cgi-bins executable, and add an environmental variable to opensrf's .bashrc file:
    chmod 755 /openils/var/cgi-bin/*.cgi
    echo "export PERL5LIB=/openils/lib/perl5:\$PERL5LIB" >> ~/.bashrc
    . ~/.bashrc # inherit the new environment
    • Note: in a multi-server (brick) environment, put the ~/.bashrc modifications at the top of the file, before
      [ -z "$PS1" ] && return

      This will allow headless (scripted) logins to load the correct environment.

  15. (Optional): Load translations such as Armenian (hy-AM), Canadian French (fr-CA), and others into the database to complete the translations available in the OPAC and staff client. See these instructions for details.

Starting Evergreen

  1. As the root user, start the memcached and ejabberd services (if they aren't already running):
    /etc/init.d/ejabberd start
    /etc/init.d/memcached start
  2. As the opensrf user, start Evergreen. The '-l' flag in the following command is only necessary if you want to force Evergreen to treat the hostname as 'localhost'; if you have configured opensrf.xml using the real hostname of your machine as returned by perl -ENet::Domain 'print Net::Domain::hostfqdn() . "\n";', you should not use the '-l' flag. -l -a start_all
    • If you receive the error message bash: command not found, then your environment variable PATH does not include the /openils/bin directory; this should have been set by the opensrf user's .bashrc configuration file. To manually set the PATH variable, edit the configuration file ~/.bashrc as the opensrf user and add the following line:
      export PATH=$PATH:/openils/bin
    • If you receive the error message Can't locate OpenSRF/ in @INC … BEGIN failed–compilation aborted, then your environment variable PERL5LIB does not include the /openils/lib/perl5 directory; this should have been set by the opensrf user's .bashrc configuration file. To manually set the PERL5LIB variable, based on step 14 above, edit the configuration file ~/.bashrc as the opensrf user and add the following line:
      export PERL5LIB=$PERL5LIB:/openils/lib/perl5
  3. As the opensrf user, generate the Web files needed by the staff client and catalogue and update the organization unit proximity (you need to do this the first time you start Evergreen, and after that each time you change the library hierarchy in config.cgi):
    cd /openils/bin
    ./ -c /openils/conf/opensrf_core.xml -u
  4. As the root user, restart the Apache Web server:
    /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

    If the Apache Web server was running when you started the OpenSRF services, you might not be able to successfully log in to the OPAC or staff client until the Apache Web server is restarted.

Testing connections to Evergreen

Once you have installed and started Evergreen, test your connection to Evergreen via srfsh:

  1. Start srfsh and try logging onto the Evergreen server using the default administrator user ID and password:
    srfsh% login admin open-ils

    You should see a result like:

    Received Data: "250bf1518c7527a03249858687714376"
    Request Completed Successfully
    Request Time in seconds: 0.045286
    Received Data: {
       "desc":" ",
    Request Completed Successfully
    Request Time in seconds: 1.336568

    If this does not work, it's time to do some troubleshooting.

    • As the opensrf user, run the script to see if it finds any system configuration problems. The script is found at Open-ILS/src/support-scripts/ in the Evergreen source tree. If the output of does not help you find the problem, please do not make any significant changes to your configuration.
    • Follow the steps in the troubleshooting guide "checking for errors".
    • If you have followed the entire set of installation steps listed here closely, you are probably extremely close to a working system. Gather your configuration files and log files and contact the Evergreen development mailing list for assistance before making any drastic changes to your system configuration.

Running the staff client on Linux

You can run the staff client on Linux using a XULRunner 1.9; this is installed by default with Firefox version 3.0 and later on Debian and Ubuntu distributions.

  1. Start up the staff client by passing the full path to the application.ini file for the source files of the local build of the Evergreen staff client. For example, if the source files for your Evergreen installation are in the /home/opensrf/Evergreen-ILS- directory, you would issue the following command:
    xulrunner /home/opensrf/Evergreen-ILS-

Starting the Web server

Once you've started Evergreen and confirmed that a basic login attempt works, you can start up the Web server:

  1. As the root user, test and start Apache. The restart command will ensure that it loads the new Evergreen modules even if Apache is already running:
apache2ctl configtest && /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

If there are any problems with your configuration file(s), they will be displayed.

Stopping Evergreen

  1. As the opensrf user, stop Evergreen: -l -a stop_all

Setting up support for reports

Evergreen reports are extremely powerful, but some configuration is required.

Starting the reporter daemon

Once the open-ils.reporter process is running and enabled on the gateway, you have to start the reporter daemon. The reporter daemon periodically checks for requests for new reports or scheduled reports and gets them running.

To start the reporter daemon, run the following command as the opensrf user: --daemon

You can also specify other options:

  • sleep=interval : number of seconds to sleep between checks for new reports to run; defaults to 10
  • lockfile=filename : where to place the lockfile for the process; defaults to /tmp/reporter-LOCK
  • concurrency=integer : number of reporter daemon processes to run; defaults to 1
  • boostrap=filename : OpenSRF bootstrap configuration file; defaults to /openils/conf/opensrf_core.xml

Stopping the reporter daemon

To stop the reporter daemon, you have to kill the process and remove the lockfile. Assuming you're running just a single process and that the lockfile is in the default location, perform the following commands as the opensrf user:

kill `ps wax | grep "Clark Kent" | grep -v grep | cut -b1-6`
rm /tmp/reporter-LOCK
zzz_archive/server/1.6.1/install.txt · Last modified: 2018/04/25 15:41 by dbwells

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The Evergreen Project is a member of Software Freedom Conservancy.